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Why Government Jobs Are Highly Sought After in Nepal

Career 10 Jul 2024 130 0

Government Employee

Why Government Jobs Are Highly Sought After in Nepal

In Nepal, government jobs are often seen as the epitome of a respected and secure career. The allure of public service is multifaceted, driven by factors such as job security, pension benefits, ease of work, and social prestige. This blog explores the reasons behind the strong attraction to government jobs in Nepal, the current state of public service employment, and the need for a broader perspective on career opportunities among the youth. This guide aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of why government jobs hold such a significant place in the hearts and minds of many Nepalese.

The Appeal of Government Jobs

Government jobs in Nepal are not merely employment opportunities; they symbolize stability, respect, and a promising future. Here are some key factors contributing to their appeal:

The Public Service Commission (PSC) in Nepal is renowned for its impartiality in conducting exams. This transparency ensures that only the most capable candidates are selected, making the process fair and competitive. The integrity of the PSC attracts many young aspirants who value merit-based selection.

One of the most compelling reasons for the popularity of government jobs is the unparalleled job security they offer. Unlike private sector jobs, government positions are less vulnerable to economic fluctuations and organizational downsizing. Once hired, employees can expect a stable and long-term career.

Government employees in Nepal enjoy substantial pension benefits after retirement. This financial security is a significant motivator for many, as it ensures a stable income even after they have completed their service. The pension system provides peace of mind for employees and their families.

Compared to the private sector, government jobs are often perceived as less demanding. The workload is generally considered manageable, and the work environment is more relaxed. This perception of ease and simplicity makes government jobs attractive to those seeking a balanced work-life dynamic.

Holding a government job is associated with a high level of social prestige in Nepal. Civil servants are respected figures in the community, and their positions come with a degree of influence and authority. This social recognition is a significant draw for many individuals.

Government jobs offer opportunities for rapid economic advancement. The potential for building strong political connections and wielding influence in social life further adds to their appeal. These positions often come with perks and privileges that enhance one's socio-economic status.

Salary and Lifestyle of Civil Servants

The Government of Nepal has structured the salaries of its employees in a way that reflects their rank and responsibilities. For instance, the salary of a non-gazetted second-class officer is 32,902 rupees, while that of a gazetted third-class officer is set at 43,689 rupees. Despite these figures, the lifestyle of civil servants often paints a different picture, suggesting issues of good governance and corruption within the government service. However, it is important to note that not all civil servants are corrupt, and many are honest and efficient in their roles.

Age Limit and Youth Engagement in Public Service

The PSC has set the age limit for entry into service from 18 to 35 years, and up to 40 years for women. This wide age range allows individuals to pursue government jobs during their most energetic years. However, a detailed analysis is necessary to understand the impact of engaging productive youth in the public service sector for such an extended period.

Unemployment and the Allure of Government Jobs

Nepal faces a severe unemployment problem, with thousands of productive youths going abroad daily in search of education and employment opportunities. Another group is engrossed in preparing for public service exams, often at the expense of their productive years. According to the annual report of 2079/080 published by the PSC, a total of 4,83,203 applications were received for 3,357 seats at the federal level, highlighting the intense competition for limited job opportunities.

The Impact of Unemployment on Youth

The situation of millions of youths flocking to limited job advertisements indicates an increasing unemployment problem in the country. The state needs to focus on how to link this large section, entangled in the allure of civil service, to productive activities. While striving for entry into government service is natural, it is crucial for youths to recognize when to seek alternative opportunities if success in public service remains elusive after several years of effort.

The Role of Education

Nepal's unscientific education system is a significant factor contributing to the current problem faced by the youth. The lack of a vocational education system means that students are not adequately prepared for the job market. In contrast, developed countries have education systems that are vocational in nature, with students determining their future professions at the school level.

Need for Reform in Public Service Entry Standards

The educational standards set by the PSC for entry into civil service also seem unscientific. Subject expertise should be mandatory for entry into civil service, with educational qualification standards determined according to the classification of service groups. Policymakers and political parties should also focus on bringing programs that link the productive time of unemployed educational manpower with production.

Success Stories Outside of Government Jobs

Despite the intense focus on government jobs, there are success stories of youths who have found prosperity outside of public service. For example, a young man from Gulmi engaged in commercial buffalo farming in his village after obtaining an academic degree. He reported saving significantly more money through his agricultural work compared to living in Kathmandu. Such stories can serve as inspiration for youths who might otherwise be disillusioned by the competition for government jobs.


Government jobs in Nepal are undoubtedly attractive for various reasons, including job security, pension benefits, and social prestige. However, the intense competition and the current state of the education system require a shift in perspective among the youth. It is essential for youths to explore alternative career opportunities and not solely rely on government jobs as their ultimate goal. By doing so, they can contribute to the country's production and reduce the unemployment problem. The state, policymakers, and educational institutions must work together to create a more vocational and productive education system that prepares students for diverse career paths, ensuring a brighter future for the nation's youth.