Education Budget in Nepal for the Fiscal Year 2078/79 (2021/22): The basis of human capital formation is to make education quality, viable, vocational, and technology-friendly and ensure access of all citizens to education. A conducive learning environment will be created by developing efficient educational manpower and formulating knowledge and skill-based curriculum. Disaster-sensitive and disability-friendly educational infrastructure will be constructed. A result-oriented educational evaluation system will be adopted Arrangements have been made to provide grants on the basis of educational results to enhance the educational quality of community schools.
The Presidential Educational Reform Program will be focused on the construction of infrastructure in the educational sector. Within three years, classrooms, laboratories, libraries, drinking water, and toilets of community schools and campuses at all levels, buildings, and infrastructure suitable for alternative learning methods will be constructed. Construction of physical infrastructure of 1,500 community schools and campuses will be started next year on a priority basis. It is believed that the implementation of this program will bring a revolutionary change in the construction of educational infrastructure, produce ten suitable skilled manpower and make a significant contribution to socio-economic transformation including social justice. For the Presidential Educational Reform Program, Rs. 10 billion has been allocated.
Compulsory and free basic education will be ensured in the coming academic session by reaching a 100 percent enrollment rate at the basic level. Traditional education methods like Gurukul, Madrasa, and Gumwa will be included in the formal education system.
Early Child Development Center (ECD) teachers and school staff will be provided Rs. 15 thousand minimum monthly salaries. The Government of Nepal has increased the current monthly salary to Rs. I have paid Rs 8,000. Arrangements will be made for the amount to be less than the minimum wage to be borne by the concerned local level. For this, Rs. 5 billion 55 crores have been allocated.
In order to improve the nutritional level of the children and to solve the problem of dropping out of classes without completing the academic session, Rs. 17.73 billion has been allocated. 3.5 million students across the country will benefit from this.
Teacher rank is matched on the basis of the teacher-student ratio. Darawandi, which is more in the primary level, is converted to the secondary level and the increased Dawandi is dismissed In order to provide teachers in science, mathematics, and English subjects in proportion to the number of students in secondary level schools, Rs. 2.66 billion has been allocated.
With the objective of providing free broadband internet service to all community schools within the next two years, the service will be expanded to 60 percent of schools across the country by the end of the next Fiscal Year.
An alternative teaching-learning action plan will be implemented effectively. Arrangements have been made for the development of learning portals and the operation of educational channels through Nepal Television targeting the students who could not go to school. Implementation of Alternative Teaching and Learning Action Plan 1 200 million has now been allocated.
Color textbooks will be printed and distributed free of cost to the children studying up to class nine in public schools before the start of the academic session. To distribute free textbooks to students up to class 12 and free sanitary pads to female students, Rs. 94.79 billion has been allocated. Residential schools will be run at the secondary level in 13 Himalayan districts including Taplejung, Rasuwa, Mustang, Mugu, and Darchula for the children of at-risk minorities, endangered, marginalized communities, and deprived classes.
Budget for scholarships to protect the right to education of economically and socially marginalized and endangered communities including Chepang, Raute, Badi, Majhi, Musahar, persons with disabilities, families of martyrs, conflict victims, families of Kovid-19 victims, and HIV / AIDS infected children. Arrangements have been made. Arrangements have been made to provide scholarships to Dalit, Muslim women, and free Kamalari women students in all subjects up to higher education, and ensure free education.
Arrangements will be made for visually impaired children to get an education with the help of Braille textbooks and modern technology. For the students with intellectual disabilities, one special school will be established in each state with residential facilities.