Padmashree College
The British College

Secondary Level Education Class 9 (Plant Science)

Article 25 Jun 2022 2342 12

Secondary Level Education in Nepal aims to produce skillful healthy citizens familiar with national customs, culture, social heritage, and democratic values who can actively take part in the economic development of the country. So, the main objective of this curriculum is to skilled manpower who can make a special contribution to the country’s all-round development, and at the same time, to produce conscious citizens with essential knowledge and skills to be ready for university education. The process of developing and revising school-level curricula in Nepal is being continued in line with this objective.

In this connection, in order to bring relevant changes in secondary level curricula as per the recommendations of the School Sector Development Plan (SSDP) in some subjects, i.e. Plant Science, Animal Science, Computer Engineering, Electrical Engineering, and Civil Engineering have been introduced under Technical and Vocational stream. According to this provision, the curricula of these subjects have been prepared, and they are being implemented. Considering the situation that the curricula of these subjects are not easily available at present, they have been published for the wider circulation. This revised curriculum 2078 B. S, is one of them.

Revising school-level curricula is a continuous process and the role of teachers, parents, and scholars is vital in making it more effective in the future. Therefore, the Curriculum Development Centre always anticipates constructive suggestions from all the persons concerned.

Agriculture Extension and Computer Science

Grade: 9        

Credit Hrs.: 4                         

Working Hrs.: 128

1. Introduction 

Extension education provides awareness about social systems and values, gender equity and social inclusion, dissemination of technical knowledge, etc. to the student while applying agriculture extension for community development. This course provides an opportunity to understand the basic concept of education and extension education, their principle, philosophy, objective, method, system and practices etc., and apply the agriculture knowledge to the farming community. Extension education disseminates the new technology to the needy people. Similarly, the computer science curriculum aims to develop an awareness of how computers work and how they are used in the school, workplace, at home, and in the community.

This curriculum comprises the fundamental principles and practices, an introduction, communication, basic sociological concept, extension program planning, monitoring and evaluation, group and rural leadership, gender and development, introduction to computer, computer operating system, application of software, computer networks and topologies, internet and electronic mail (Email). The subject matters will be delivered using both the conceptual and practical inputs through presentation, discussion, reflective readings and group works as along with the practical and real-world experiences through different practical activities.

The curriculum has been offered as per the structure of National Curriculum Framework 2076. It provides a comprehensive outline of level-wise competencies, grade-wise learning outcomes and scope and sequence of contents, suggested practical/project activities, learning facilitation process and assessment strategies so as to enhance the learning on the subject systematically.

3. Competencies

On completion of the course, the students will have the following competencies:

  1. Acquire general knowledge and skills of agriculture extension in Nepalese context
  2. Explain the role of extension worker, social system/norms/values and gender concept
  3. Apply agriculture extension for the agricultural promotion in the country
  4. Describe the importance of farmers’ organizations and groups for agriculture and community development
  5. Develop a sense of information technology culture and appreciate the range and power of computer applications
  6. Develop an awareness of how computers work and how they are used in the school, workplace, at home and in the community
  7. Appreciate the role of computers in the everyday life and the impacts on society and the people
  8. Use common computer software to accomplish the assigned tasks

3. Grade-wise Learning Outcomes  

Section A (Agriculture Extension)

Content Area

Learning outcomes

1. Introduction


1.1 Define extension education

1.2 Discuss the importance of education in our context

1.3 Define the formal and non-formal education 

1.4. Explain the objective and importance of extension education

1.5 Point out the role of extension in agriculture development

2. Communication

2.1 List out the steps in the extension teaching-learning process 

2.2 Describe the method of communication (individual, group, and mass)

2.3 Define RRA and PRA

2.4 Explain the role of the extension worker in the transfer of technology 

3. Basic sociological concept


3.1 Define sociology and rural sociology 

3.2 Discuss terminologies related to a sociological point of view

3.3 Discuss the concept and history of social mobilization in Nepal

3.4. Discuss the objective of social mobilization in extension process


4. Extension program, planning, monitoring, and evaluation


4.4. Define program planning

4.5. State the principles and importance of program planning 

4.6. Differentiate between monitoring and evaluation 

4.7. Discuss on diffusion and adoption process

4.8. Meaning and importance of need-based training 

5. Group and rural leadership


5.1. Define group

5.2. Explain the procedure of group formation and discuss its role in extension

5.3. Understand the concept of cooperatives clearly

5.4. Explain the types of leader

5.5. State the characteristics of a good leader

5.6. Define motivation

5.7. Explain the factors affecting motivation

6. Gender and development


6.1.Introduce the gender concept, gender segregation,

stratification and discrimination 

6.2.Differentiate between gender equity and equality 

6.3.Identify gender needs and state its importance in rural context 

6.4.Discuss the role of gender in development 

6.5.Clear the concept of WID, WAD, GAD 

Section B (Computer Science)

7. Introduction to computer

7.1. Illustrate the computer system: its hard and software

7.2. Get familiarized with the with the history of computer

7.3. Understand the capabilities and limitations of computers and their applications 

7.4. Explain different types of computers on the basis of data and size

7.5. Describe the generations of computers with their features

8. Computer system

8.1. Get familiarized with all the hardware parts of the computer

8.2. Describe the basic components of a computer system (input, output, processor, and storage)

8.3. Illustrate the concept of RAM and ROM)

8.4. Illustrate different storage devices of computer

8.5. Explain computer software with their types

9. Operating system

9.1. Introduce an operating system 

9.2. Describe GUI with its feature 

9.3. Introduce an open-source operating system with examples

10. Multimedia

10.1.Introduce multimedia

10.2.Describe the component of multimedia. (text, audio, video, image, animation)

10.3. Describe and demonstrate the applications of multimedia

11. Computer networks and topologies

11.1. Illustrate computer networks 

11.2. Describe the types of networks (LAN, MAN, WAN)

11.3. Explain different types of topologies

11.4. Discuss the use of communication in daily life

12. Internet and its application

12.1. Introduce internet   

12.2. Define web browser, website, web page, home page, search engine and email

12.3. Illustrate/describe the application of internet:

12.3.1 Search engine

12.3.2 Email

12.3.3 E-commerce

12.3.4 E-banking

12.3.5 E-governance 

 4. Scope and Sequence of Contents

Section A (Agriculture Extension and communication)

Unit / Scope



1. Introduction

1.1. Introduction to education, formal and non-formal education and their importance in our context

1.2. Definition, objective and importance of extension education

1.3. Role of extension in agriculture development

1.4. History of agriculture extension in Nepal.


2. Communication

2.1. Concept and steps in extension teaching-learning process  

2.2. Method of communication (individual, group and mass) 

2.3. Role of extension education in transfer of technology 


3. Basic sociological concept


3.1. Definition and importance of sociology and rural sociology 

3.2. Terminologies related to sociological theories and practices: family, group, community, social structure, social custom, social norms and values, social process, social culture and belief, institution, social stratification (i.e. caste, class, gender, age), society and socialization

3.3. Concept and history of social mobilization in Nepal

3.4. Objective of social mobilization in extension


4. Extensionprogramp lanning, monitoring and evaluation


4.1. Principles and importance of program planning 

4.2. Program monitoring and evaluation 

4.3. Meaning of diffusion and adoption


5. Group and rural leadership


5.1. Concept, principle and types of group

5.2. Procedure of group formation and its role in extension

5.3. Meaning and types of leader and leadership 

5.4. Characteristics of a good leader

5.5. Meaning of motivation and factors affecting motivation 


6. Gender and development


6.1.    Introduction    to    gender    concept:     gender

segregation, and discrimination 

6.2. Identifying the gender needs and its importance in rural context 

6.3. Role of gender in development 

6.4. Concept of WID, WAD, GAD 




Section B (Computer Science)


Unit /Scope



7. Introduction to computer

7.1. Concepts of computer and its application.

7.2. History of computer

7.3. Capabilities and limitations of computers

7.4. Types of computers (data: analog, digital, hybrid); (size: micro, mini, mainframe, and super)

7.5. Generations of computers and their features


8. Computer System

8.1. Familiar with all hardware parts with CPU of a computer and dismantle 

8.2. Basic components of a computer system (input, output, processor, and storage)

8.3. Memory (primary and secondary, RAM, ROM)

8.4. Storage devices: magnetic tape, magnetic disks: Hard disk and floppy disks (Winchester disk), optical disks: CD, VCD, CD-R, CD-RW, DVD, DVD-RW, blue-ray disc, flash drives, SD/MMC memory cards 


9. Operating System

9.1. Introduction of operating System 

9.2. Windows operating system, introduction to GUI and its feature working with a window environment and window application program

9.3. Introduction to open sources operating system with examples


10. Multimedia

10.1. Introduction to multimedia

10.2. Components of multimedia(text. audio. video, image, animation)

10.3. Application of multimedia


11. Computer networks and topologies

11.1. Introduction of computer networks and topologies 

11.2. Types of networks (LAN, MAN, WAN,)

11.3. Topologies of LAN (ring, bus, star, mesh and hybrid topologies)

11.4. Use of communication in daily life 


12. Internet and its application.

12.1 Introduction to the internet.  

12.2. Introduction to a web browser, website, web page, the home page

12.3. Application of the internet

12.3.1. Search engine

12.3.2. Email

12.3.3. E-commerce

12.3.4. E-banking

12.3.4. E-governance





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