'Stroke' is also called paralysis or brain attack. A stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain is suddenly blocked or ruptured. The number of stroke patients is increasing due to the increase in life expectancy of Nepalese people and the addition of treatment facilities. According to doctors, this disease, which is more common in people over 50 years of age, is now seen in people in their 40s or even younger.
According to Dr. Pankaj Jalan, consultant neurologist at Novic Hospital, although age is the main factor in having a stroke, hypertension, smoking, alcoholism, diabetes, cholesterol, etc. are also risk factors. According to Dr. Jalan, brain stroke is caused by the blood circulation being stopped or reduced in some part of the brain. He says that it usually occurs in 80 percent of vein blocks and 20 percent of vein ruptures.
If the speech becomes slurred, if a part of the hand or foot does not move, if there is a severe ringing, if there are signs of poor eyesight, you should go to the hospital immediately.
There are three types of stroke namely ischemic, hemorrhagic and TIA. Most of the stroke cases (about 87 percent) are ischemic. According to the CDC report of 2018, one in six people die from a stroke.
In the US, someone has a stroke every 40 seconds and one person dies every 4 minutes. According to the Global Burden of Disease Study, stroke is the second leading cause of death in the world. Also, it ranks third in causing untimely death and disability.
According to the World Stroke Organization, 1 in 4 people are likely to have a stroke at some point in their lives. Similarly, according to the World Health Organization, 15 million people suffer strokes and 5 million people die annually. According to the World Life Expectancy Survey, 86.87 percent of the 100,000 population in Nepal die from stroke every year.