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Rastriya Parichaya Patra and Panjikaran Bibhag, Kathmandu

Rastriya Parichaya Patra / National Identity Card


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On Ashad 28, 2075, the National Identity Card and Registration Department was established in Nepal. The department was responsible for the distribution of multi-purpose "National Identity Card / Rastriya Parichaya Patra" to establish the "cash flow" and digital identity of individuals under social security. This department also established the legal right to "personal event registration," and two popular programs of the Nepal government were placed under its umbrella.

Importance of Rastriya Parichaya Patra / National Identity Card:

National Identity Card is a crucial digital solution for identity verification, especially in the current modern era, where digital features play an essential role. Many countries have successfully implemented it in their respective nations. The Nepalese government announced that all Nepali citizens would receive a biometric smart card with a photograph to be used as a national identity card for elections. The National Identity Card Management Center was established as a department-level central body under the Ministry of Home Affairs on 2067/04/01.

Distribution of Rastriya Parichaya Patra / National Identity Card:

The department has created a "Strategic Plan of National Identity Card Management 2075" and "Procedures for Registration of Details of Nepalese Citizens and Distribution of National Identity Cards for the Distribution of National Identity Cards, 2075" based on various decisions of the Council of Ministers and the Ministry. In Fiscal Year 2075/076, national identity cards were distributed to the citizens of Panchthar district, and its successful implementation was tested. The Nepal government has already started the program to expand it across the country, targeting the collection of details of 10 million citizens for National Identity Card in Fiscal Year 2077/078.

Implementation of Rastriya Parichaya Patra / National Identity Card Program:

The following activities are being undertaken by the department to implement the National Identity Card Program:

  • Collection of personal details of Nepalese citizens.
  • Issuance of National Identity Cards to citizens.
  • Verification of personal details of citizens through biometric authentication.
  • Integration of National Identity Cards with public services for easy access.
  • Expansion of the National Identity Card Program throughout the country.

Data Collection Methods:

Verification of details:

After the operator has entered the details, the verification officer should check and verify the accuracy of the details. The verification officer should match the details entered in the system with the supporting documents submitted by the applicant. If any discrepancy is found, the verification officer should reject the application and inform the applicant accordingly. If the details are found to be correct, the verification officer should approve the application.

Issuing the National Identity Card:

Once the application has been approved by the verification officer, the registration officer should issue the National Identity Card to the applicant. The National Identity Card should be printed with all the details entered in the system and verified by the verification officer. The registration officer should also take the signature and thumb impression of the applicant on the National Identity Card.

Updating the database:

After the National Identity Card has been issued, the operator should update the database with the details of the new applicant. The operator should also mark the application as "issued" in the system to ensure that the National Identity Card has been issued to the applicant. The database should be regularly backed up to prevent any data loss.

Periodic review and audit:

The data collection process should be periodically reviewed and audited by an independent team to ensure that the process is transparent, efficient, and free from errors. Any discrepancies or errors found during the audit should be immediately addressed and corrective measures should be taken to prevent any further errors.

Feedback mechanism:

A feedback mechanism should be put in place to allow citizens to provide feedback on the data collection process. The feedback should be regularly reviewed and addressed to improve the process and ensure citizen satisfaction.

FAQ Realted to Rastriya Parichaya Patra

1) Question: What is National Identity Card?


National Identity Card is a multi-purpose national identity certificate based on smart card technology with electronic chips and security based on personal (demographic) and biometric details of citizens.

2) Question: Why is national identity card necessary?

Answer: After the introduction of the identity card, the identity card must be presented to obtain any service facility provided by the state of Nepal or when requesting such service facility. In addition, it is recognized as the main basis for receiving public services and as a proof of identity of a person, so a national identity card is necessary.

3) Question: Which documents are required for National Identity Card?

Answer: Full certificate of Nepali citizenship in case of migration Full certificate of migration (permanent address mentioned in citizenship

If the address is different from that) in the case of married, if the name of the husband or wife is disclosed in the citizenship, the same certificate, otherwise, marriage registration, proof of marriage / complete certificate of proof of relationship.

In case the date of birth is not disclosed in the citizenship certificate, an official proof of the date of birth (birth registration, educational certificate, passport, pension lease)  

Other documents to confirm details

4) Question: What qualifications are required to get a national identity card?

Answer: People who have attained the age of 16 and have obtained a certificate of Nepali citizenship can obtain a national identity card.

5) Question: Do non-citizens also get national identity cards?

Answer: At present, in the first phase, national identity cards are distributed only on the basis of the citizenship certificate. In the second phase, seafarers, non-resident Nepali (NRN) and foreign citizens residing in Nepal for a certain period of time will also get a national identity card with identification. Before starting the second phase, all concerned will be informed through public notice.

6) Question: How can I get a national identity card?

Answer: A person who has Nepali citizenship can go to the district administration office or the administration office of the district where the national identity card details registration station is located or when the national identity card details registration campaign is conducted in his ward and get the details registered. In this way, the national identity card can be obtained after collecting the details.

7) Question: How to fill the form online?

Answer: National Identity Card available on the website of National Identity Card and Registration Department

You can go to the online application and fill the form according to the instructions given there.

9) Question: If a person is missing one or all the fingers of his hand, is the bio-data collected or not for the National Identity Card of the visually impaired?

Answer: When collecting the biological details to create a national identity card, if someone is missing some or all of the fingers, or is blind, the biological details are registered as a condition.

10) Question: If the date of birth is not disclosed in the citizenship, how is the date of birth fixed in the national identity card?

Answer: If the date of birth is not clear or not disclosed in the citizenship while making the national identity card, the date of birth is established based on the date of issuance of educational certificate, pension lease or passport, or the date of issuance of citizenship. For example, if the age in citizenship is 16 years and the date of issue is 2026 Ashad 18, then the date of birth is placed on 2010 Ashad 18 in the national identity card, or if the date of education, passport, pension lease is later than 18 June, then the date of birth is calculated based on that.

11) Question: If the husband's surname is not in the citizenship but the husband's surname is in the national identity card, is it possible or not?

Answer: If there is no husband's surname in the citizenship, then the husband's surname cannot be entered in the national identity card. If the identity card is to be made with the husband's surname, then the husband's surname can be included in the national identity card only after amending the citizenship and adding the husband's surname.

12) Question: Is it possible to take photos with cosmetic makeup, hats, burqas etc. or not?

Answer: According to section 16 (c) and (d) of the National Identity Card Procedure 2078, it is not allowed to take photos for the National Identity Card while wearing cosmetic makeup, hats, burkas, caps. Because taking photos with such items/jewelry cannot take photos of the size and quality according to international standards and the face/facial expression may also be unclear, so you have to take photos without wearing any cosmetic makeup, hat, burqa etc./jewelry.

13) Question: Is it necessary to submit a national identity card to get government services?

Answer: After the government of Nepal publishes a notification in the Nepal Gazette, the national identity card will come into force after the date specified. Any service facility provided by the state after the implementation of the national identity card such as: to get a passport, to get social security allowance, to get relief and subsidy, to vote, to buy and sell property, to register personal events, to open a bank account and to do business or when requesting such service facility, Identity card must be presented to get a mobile SIM card.

Overall, the National Identity Card and Registration Department play a vital role in establishing a digital identity for Nepalese citizens through technology. The National Identity Card Program ensures national inclusion and easy access to public services. With the successful implementation of this program, Nepal can pave the way for a more digital and connected society.

Contact Details:

Rastriya Parichaya Patra / National Identity Card

Sinhadurbar, Kathmandu, Nepal

Phone: 01- 4200014

Registration Branch

Email: [email protected]

Social Security Branch

Email: [email protected]

Identification card

Administration Branch

Email: [email protected]

Hotline Phone No: 01-4200016

Contact Details of Rastriya Parichaya Patra and Panjikaran Bibhag, Kathmandu


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