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Nepal Army Day: History, Significance and Facts

Event 18 Feb 2023 1757 0

Nepal Army Day

Nepal Army Day: Celebrating the Role of Nepali Military in Safeguarding Sovereignty and Territorial Integrity

Nepal Army Day is a significant occasion for the Nepali people to honor and celebrate the contributions and sacrifices of their military in safeguarding the country's sovereignty and territorial integrity. In this article, we will explore the history and significance of Nepal Army Day, the role of the Nepali military in Nepali society, and the traditions and celebrations associated with this important day.

History of Nepal Army Day

Since 1991, Nepal Army Day has been commemorated on the day of Maha Shivaratri at Tundikhel in Kathmandu. The day marks the establishment of the Nepali Army, which was formed after the unification of Nepal by King Prithvi Narayan Shah in the 18th century.

The Nepal Army has a long and rich history, and its origins can be traced back to the Gorkha Kingdom, which was ruled by the Shah dynasty. The Gorkha Kingdom was known for its formidable army, which was composed of well-trained and disciplined soldiers who were renowned for their bravery and martial skills.

In 1768, King Prithvi Narayan Shah launched a campaign to unify the various small kingdoms and principalities of Nepal, which were divided and frequently at war with each other. The Gorkha Army played a crucial role in this campaign, which ultimately led to the establishment of a unified Nepal under the Shah dynasty.

After the unification of Nepal, the Gorkha Army was reorganized and expanded into the Nepali Army, which became the country's primary defense force. Over the years, the Nepali Army has played a key role in maintaining Nepal's sovereignty and territorial integrity, as well as providing disaster relief and humanitarian assistance during times of crisis.

Maha Shivaratri and nepal Army Day

Nepal Army has been celebrating Army Day on the auspicious day of Maha Shivaratri since 2047 BS. This day holds great significance for both the Army and the people of Nepal. According to Dr. Deepak Prakash Bhatta, a security affairs expert, the coincidence of celebrating Army Day and Maha Shivaratri is not only symbolic but also has a deeper meaning.

In Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva represents awareness, power, and truth. He embodies both calmness and destruction, which are qualities that also reflect the essence of the Army. Therefore, celebrating Army Day on the occasion of Maha Shivaratri is a way of honoring the truth and awareness.

The history of Nepal Army also reflects its deep-rooted connection with religion and culture. The Nepal Army logo, which contains a trident and damaru, symbolizes the blend of religion and philosophy. These images in the logo represent Lord Shiva, who is regarded as the creator, preserver, and destroyer, according to Hindu philosophy.

Many army barracks and companies have been named after gods and goddesses, and temples of goddesses have been constructed on the premises of many army barracks. Historian Dinesh Raj Panta confirms that the celebration of Army Day on Maha Shivaratri is not a coincidence. He explains that former king Prithvi Narayan Shah formed the first army troop on the day of Maha Shivaratri. Since then, the Nepal Army has been observing Army Day on this festival.

Oveall, the celebration of Army Day on Maha Shivaratri is a unique and significant tradition that reflects the deep-rooted cultural and religious values of Nepal. It is a day to honor the bravery and sacrifices of the Nepal Army while also acknowledging the importance of truth and awareness in our lives.

Importance of Nepal Army Day in Nepali society

Nepal Army Day holds a special place in the hearts of the Nepali people, as it represents the valor and dedication of their military. The day is a reminder of the important role that the Nepali military plays in safeguarding the country's security and independence.

The Nepali military has a long and storied history, dating back to the ancient Gorkha Army, which laid the foundation for the modern-day Nepal Army. Over the years, the Nepal Army has evolved and adapted to changing circumstances, from serving as a royal guard to becoming a modern and professional force capable of responding to a range of security challenges.

Today, the Nepal Army is one of the most respected institutions in the country, with a reputation for integrity, discipline, and courage. The army is also highly valued for its contributions to national development, including disaster relief and infrastructure development.

Role of Nepal Army in safeguarding Nepali sovereignty and territorial integrity

The Nepali military has played a critical role in defending the country's sovereignty and territorial integrity over the years. Nepal is a landlocked country with two powerful neighbors, India and China, and its strategic location makes it a site of significant geopolitical interest.

The Nepal Army's primary mission is to defend the country's borders, maintain internal security, and provide assistance to the civil authorities in times of emergency. The army has played a crucial role in securing Nepal's borders, maintaining peace and stability, and ensuring that the country's territorial integrity is not compromised.

Traditions and celebrations of Nepal Army Day

Nepal Army Day is celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervor throughout the country. The day begins with the hoisting of the national flag at army barracks and other military installations, followed by a gun salute and the playing of the national anthem.

One of the highlights of the day is the military parade, which is held in the capital city of Kathmandu. The parade is a colorful and impressive display of the Nepali military's strength and capabilities, featuring soldiers in ceremonial uniforms, marching bands, and military vehicles. The parade also includes aerial displays by the Nepali Air Force and a demonstration of the army's special operations capabilities.

Other events held on Nepal Army Day include wreath-laying ceremonies at war memorials, cultural performances, and sports competitions. The day is also an opportunity for the Nepali military to showcase its humanitarian and disaster relief efforts, as well as its contributions to national development.

Recent developments in the Nepali military and their impact on Nepal Army Day celebrations

In recent years, the Nepali military has undergone significant changes and modernization efforts. The government has invested in upgrading the army's equipment and infrastructure, including the procurement of new helicopters, armored vehicles, and other military hardware. In addition, the Nepali military has increased its participation in international peacekeeping operations, serving in countries such as Lebanon, South Sudan, and Mali.

These recent developments have had an impact on the celebrations and traditions of Nepal Army Day. In recent years, the military parade held on Nepal Army Day has featured new equipment and technology, such as unmanned aerial vehicles and modern military vehicles. This has allowed the Nepali military to showcase its strength and capabilities to the public.

In addition, Nepal Army Day celebrations now include a wider range of events and activities, such as cultural programs, military displays, and public exhibitions. These events not only celebrate the role of the Nepali military but also provide an opportunity for the public to learn more about the army and its operations.

Nepal Army Day is an important day for Nepali citizens, as it provides an opportunity to celebrate and pay tribute to the brave soldiers who have fought and continue to fight for the country's sovereignty and territorial integrity. The day also highlights the important role of the Nepali military in safeguarding the country's borders and maintaining peace and stability.


In conclusion, Nepal Army Day is an important day in Nepali society, and it provides an opportunity to reflect on the history and significance of the Nepali military. The day's celebrations and traditions not only celebrate the bravery and sacrifices of Nepali soldiers but also provide an opportunity for the public to learn more about the army and its operations. As the Nepali military continues to modernize and adapt to new challenges, Nepal Army Day will remain an important day for the country and its citizens.

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