Padmashree College
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Rishi Tarpani, Rakshabandhan and Janaipurnima 2079

Event 12 Aug 2022 260 0

Janai Purnima  Rakshya Bandhan in Nepal

Today is Shrawan Shukla Purnima and today is called Rishi Tarpani, Rakshabandhan and Janaipurnima. On this day, Hindus celebrate the full moon festival with great pomp. It is also an important day for Buddhist pilgrims. As it is mentioned in the Buddhist text 'Lalit Vistarama' that Gautama Buddha conquered his karma on this day, a big fair is held on this day in all temples and temples from Swayambhu onwards.

On the day of Janaipurnima, the Hindus who performed the Bartabandha ritual, cut their beards, hair, and nails, take a bath in the morning, purify themselves, wear clean clothes, recite mantras and praises, and put on the new ones. Rakshabandhan is tied by everyone. It is believed that by wearing Janai and tying Raksha Bandhan, body diseases will be cured and Raksha will also be protected. It is a custom to tie Rakshabandhan once a year on this day. It should be changed several times throughout the year.

In maternal and paternal Shraddha, after returning from the funeral procession, it is customary to change the body after cleaning the body.

It is said that Omkar, Agni, Sarpa, Soma, Pitru, Prajapati, Yama and 'Vishvi Dev' reside in Janaima. Brahma, Vishnu and Rudra are invoked in Janai's 'granthi'. This is known as Janai's Shikha and it is worn with eleven 'avrittis', rudrabhishek mantra and Gayatri mantra. The day of this Prana Pratishtha is called Janaipurnima.

On this day tarpan is given in the name of sages, this day is also called Rishi Tarpani. This day is also considered as the day of Shravan Snan. This day is called Rishi Tarpani when one goes to a river, river, well, stream, bathes in cow dung, barley, Sesame and becomes fully Sanskars and offers tarpan in the name of Rishi.

 There is also a custom of making a quantity of nine types of vegetables and eating them on the day of Shravan Shukla Purnima. It is believed that the quantity of food will reduce the heat of the body and give strength. It is considered tasty and good for health to eat Quanti prepared by soaking Tusa in mass, mung, chickpea, banana, soybean, Bodi, beans, wheat, and rice together.

This day is also considered the day of Raksha Bandhan. According to a legend, the demonic power became strong and proceeded to fight to suppress the deity. Even after a long war, the gods could not be defeated. In the end, Devguru Brihaspati prepared a Raksha 'Vidhan' for security in the morning on the day of Shravan Shukla Purnima. Brihaspati recited the mantra by having the prepared defense formula tied to the hands of Indra and all the gods.

Due to the force of that mantra, the demon Raj Bali was bound. The scriptures say that the Rakshabandhan festival is the day when the sages who came out from the mouth of Brahmaji will bind the Panchatattva, while in the 'Brahman' avatar, Vishnu made a commitment to the sacrifice of the Daityaraja and released the three people as a gift. Therefore, on this day, Rakshabandhan is tied to the host's wrist by reciting mantras by Brahmins. In other words, there is a tradition of Brahmins reminding the host of the sacrificial power of King Bali by tying Rakshabandhan.

On Janai Purnima, there is a tradition of holding a big fair in temples, shrines, and other places of Nepal including Gosaikund, and Pashupati. On this day, it is believed that bathing, donating, and offering tarpan in rivers, canals, temples, and shrines through the method of Shravan bathing will lead to salvation.

It is believed that by wearing Janai and tying Rakshabandhan, body diseases will be cured and Raksha will also be protected. 

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