Mahawai Rural Municipality (महावै गाउँपालिका) was established in 2017 (2073 BS) as a local government of Nepal. The headquarters of the Mahawai Gaunpalika is located in Odanuk, Kalikot district, Karnali Province of Nepal. Rural Municipality is known as Gaunpalika in the Nepali Language. Mahawai Gaunpalika is surrounded by Jumla District on the East, Shubha Kalika Rural Municipality and Bajura district on the West, Khandachakra Municipality and Tilagufa Municipality on the North, Dailekh and Jajarkot Districts on the South.
The total area of the Mahawai Rural Municipality is 322.07 square kilometers (124.35 sq mi) and the total population of the rural municipality according to 2011 (2068 BS) Nepal census is 83083 individual. The density of this rural municipality is 260/km2 (670/sq mi). This Rural municipality is divided into 6 wards.
Odanuk, Chilkhaya, and Gelan Village development committees (VDCs) were incorporated to form Mahawai Gaunpalika, This rural municipality came into existence on 10 March 2017 (Falgun 27, 2073 BS), fulfilling the requirement of the Constitution of Nepal 2015 (2072 BS). Ministry of Federal Affairs and General Administration replaced all old VDCs and Municipalities into 753 new local level bodies.