Nepal Police (Nepal Prahari - नेपाल प्रहरी) is a non-military police service in Nepal. It was formally established in the month of Ashwin after the issuance of the Police Act of 2012. Police Day has been celebrated on the basis of the date of issuance of the Police Act in 2012 BS. This does not mean that the police did not exist before that. If we look at the history, the official fact is that the Amini Police was first established in 1955 BS to investigate and control various types of crimes in the Terai. The militia was founded in the hills under the then Badahakim. Similarly, Kotwali Police was first established in 1967 BS in Kathmandu Valley.
The main responsibility of the police is to control crime and conduct a successful investigation by maintaining peace and security in society.
After 2017 BS, Nepal Police has been administratively divided into 14 zones and 75 districts, with Superintendent of Police in 14 zones and Deputy Superintendent of Police in 75 districts. After 2019 BS, regional police offices have been established in all developing regions of the country and arrangements have been made to have a Deputy Inspector General of Police.
Similarly, in the process of making the Nepal Police responsible and professional, a new structure was set up with the objective of making the peace and security of the Kathmandu Valley more systematic and effective from 1st Mangsir, 2063 BS. In line with the concept of bringing the Nepal Police into the federal system of the state, the Provincial Police Offices have been established in all the seven Provinces under the leadership of the Deputy Inspector General of Police, replacing the Regional Police Offices of the Nepal Police.
In order to bring the Nepal Police to its present state, the Sadar Police Training Center was established in 2011 BS with the aim of bringing uniformity in the efficiency, professionalism, and performance of the Nepal Police. In addition to this, vocational training has been provided by establishing regional training centers in different parts of the country. In addition, various training has been provided to Nepal Police officers at home and abroad to make the police organization more professional.
In this context, the Nepal Police has been playing an important role in strengthening internal peace and security in the country. Apart from this, it has been providing services by giving priority to the security of important establishments and the safety of highly specialized and distinguished persons. Not only this, Nepal Police has been showing its presence in the United Nations as well.
Under this, Nepal Police officers and personnel have been mobilized and making significant contributions to the establishment of peace in Darfur, South Sudan, Haiti, Kosovo, Yugoslavia, East Timor, and other countries. Not only that, in 2024 BS, Nepal Police entered as one of the hundreds of member countries of Interpol and can be considered to be working internationally in crime control. It has issued eight types of notices including red notices, diffusion, and other notices against crime control to search for the accused internationally as well as search for missing or missing persons and missing travel documents abroad.
For crime prevention and control, Nepal Police has set up operations from the Police Headquarters to the Police Bits. Apart from this, the Central Bureau of Investigation, Special Bureau, Drug Control Bureau, Crime Branch, and recently Human Trafficking and Cyber Crime Control Bureau have also been established. Work has already started on this effectively.
Keeping in view the road safety, Nepal Police has been providing important services in traffic management by mobilizing the traffic police from the Police Headquarters, Metropolitan Traffic Division under the Directorate of Traffic Services to the state, district, and local levels across the country. Under this, the action taken by the traffic police against drunk driving has significantly improved the death rate due to road accidents.
In addition to this, Central Police Forensic Science Laboratory, Digital Forensic Lab, Polygraph Section, etc. have been established for the purpose of making Nepal Police technology-friendly; Nepal Police is further committed to take the path of crime investigation and control more effectively by establishing Central Police Dog School.
Nepal Police has brought various programs not only for crime investigation and control but also for the development of public awareness about peace and security in every citizen. The concept of neighborhood police was introduced as community police in the year 2039 BS during the time of the then Inspector General of Police Dil Bahadur (DB) Lama.
At that time, the police were mobilized in Gauntol to listen to the complaints of the general public and act accordingly. In 2051 BS, the concept of the community police took shape and the first community police service center was established in Maharajgunj, Kathmandu. It has been cooperating in the control and reduction of social crime in line with the concept of civil police cooperation.
Similarly, with the objective of making the work of the police efficient and effective as well as citizen-friendly, the Nepal Police has gone to the doorsteps of the people through programs such as 'Police Service with a Smile', 'Police is My Friend', 'Dignity of the Tongue in Sweet Speech', and 'Police in Our Tol'.
Similarly, Nepal Police has been providing services by establishing Women and Children Service Centers in various police offices across the country taking the problem of women and children seriously. In addition, the Nepal Police has been effectively disseminating various public awareness programs related to drug addiction, cybercrime, and traffic to the general public through school outreach programs and community-focused programs. On the whole, there is no doubt that the Nepal Police is establishing itself as an important institution in terms of work and responsibilities.
"A competent police service dedicated to the nation committed to the protection of human rights and the establishment of peace in society through effective crime control and investigation, as defined by the basic concept of the rule of law."
|Nepal Police (Nepal Prahari) Ranking|
|Inspector-General of Police (IGP)|
|Additional Inspector General of Police (AIG)|
|Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG)|
|Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP)|
|Superintendent of Police (SP)|
|Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP)|
|Sub Inspector of Police (SI)|
|Assistant Sub Inspector of Police (ASI)|
|Police Head Constable (HC)|
|Nepal Police Offices||Contact No.|
|Police Training Center, Province No.1, Biratnagar, Morang.||9852090180|
|Police Training Center, Province No. 2, Janakpur, contact Office: Rajbiraj, Saptari||9854090600|
|Bagmati Pradesh Police Training Center, Dudhauli, Sindhuli.||9854041789|
|Gandaki Pradesh Police Training Center, Pokhara, Kaski||9856068121|
|Lumbini Pradesh Police Training Center, Butwal Rupandehi||9857090444|
|Karnali Pradesh Police Training Center, Surkhet (Now in Nepalganj)||9858090115|
|Sudurpaschim Pradesh Police Training Center, Dipayal Doti||9858490084|
|Metropolitan Police Sector, Kathmandu.||9851283012|
|Metropolitan Police Sector, Bhaktapur.||9851283020|
|Metropolitan Police Sector, Lalitpur.||9851253017|
Nepal Police (Nepal Prahari), Headquater, Naxal, Kathmandu, Bagmati Pradesh, Nepal