Celebrating Nepal Sambat 1144: A Testament to Cultural Heritage and Social Service
Nepal Sambat 1144 marks a significant moment in Nepal's cultural calendar, celebrated with various programs across the country. This calendar, primarily observed by the Newar community, signifies more than just a new year; it's a reflection of Nepal's rich historical tapestry and communal harmony.
The inception of Nepal Sambat dates back to 937 BS (AD 880), a period highlighted by Rashtriya Vibhuti Shankhadhar Sakhwa's remarkable act of liberating the poor from their debts. This initiative not only relieved many from financial burdens but also laid the foundation for a new era in Nepal's history. Dr. Triratna Manandhar, former Vice Chancellor of Lumbini Buddhist University, sheds light on the historical significance of Nepal Sambat, explaining its evolution through various reigns, including that of Prithvi Narayan Shah. Before the Nepal Sambat, the Shaka Samvat was prevalent, making the shift to a calendar named after the nation itself a notable change.
Post-1950, with the advent of democracy, Nepal Sambat's recognition took a nationalistic turn. The celebration of this new year, especially in areas with a significant Newar population like Kathmandu, Lalitpur, and Bhaktapur, symbolizes the community's respect for their heritage and traditions. The decision by Prime Minister Krishna Prasad Bhattarai in 2000 AD to honor Sakhwa as a national monument further cemented the significance of Nepal Sambat in the national consciousness. This recognition was not just for the calendar but also for Sakhwa's contributions to social welfare.
In a landmark move in 2010, Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal announced the national recognition of Nepal Sambat, a testament to its cultural importance. The practice in Kathmandu of closing old book accounts and starting new ones on the new year's day reflects a deep-rooted tradition that intertwines cultural practices with daily life. The government's recent decision to include Nepal Sambat in official documents is a step towards preserving and promoting this unique aspect of Nepalese heritage.
Nepal Sambat 1144 is not just a celebration of a new year; it's a recognition of Nepal's historical journey, cultural diversity, and the spirit of communal service. It's a legacy that continues to inspire and unite the people of Nepal, reflecting the country's rich past and vibrant present.Kathmandu